According to the United States Bureau of Labour Statistics, jobs in the computer and information technology field are expected to increase by 22 percent from 2020. This growth is larger than the average growth of all occupations. When information technology careers increase, the world will witness more than half a million new jobs in the same period.
The rise in information technology careers is attributed to a rapid increase in the use of the Internet for marketing, communication and entertainment. Cloud computing and the appetite for corporations to collect and store big data accentuates the rise. This is definitely good news for IT specialists and students alike. The following are common careers in information technology.
Just as the name suggests, the role of a professional in this career is to design new software and upgrade existing ones. To ensure the software have proper stability and usability, the programmer tests written codes. One has to be knowledgeable in various programming languages such as Python and C++ among others.
The minimum desirable qualification for a computer programmer is a bachelor’s degree in IT or computer science. However, some employers may demand to employ professionals with associate’s degree and certificates of proficiency in specific programming codes. A reputable programmer is an IT guru who can develop software and mobile apps as a hobby.
Designing new graphical user interfaces (GUI) is part of a programmer’s everyday life. More importantly, undergraduate students can seek internships and attachments in leading IT companies to increase their expertise. Just like any other IT field, the work of a programmer is typically hectic but usually rewarding.
When businesses face computer challenges, it is the work of a systems analyst to diagnose the problems. Not only should one solve the underlying issues, the professional should implement computer systems, tools and networks to prevent future disruptions. This means one has to remain updated with new technology, software and hardware.
This career may further be classified according to the specialization of an expert. For example, accounting systems analysts may specialize in providing computer solutions for the financial industry. Other specializations include security, education, healthcare, construction, architecture, music, marketing and business administration system analysts among others.
A basic bachelor’s degree is usually the entry-level qualification for many people in this career. However, professional in scientific or technical industries must study further. Since one typically works with companies and organizations, knowledge and expertise in business management is usually desirable.
IT Support Specialist
Many organizations require the services of an IT/Computer Support Specialist. Examples are government agencies, schools, banks, supermarkets, institutions, hospitals, and non-governmental organizations among others. Generally, any organization where many stakeholders use computers to access information or services needs these professionals.
Often, people in this IT field work in an environment akin to a call center. Here, they answer questions from the company’s computer users and provide solutions to these problems. Typically, they can run diagnostics on software to evaluate and fix problems remotely. Additionally, one can recommend a technician to the site of a problematic workstation for repair.
This is one of the fast increasing information technology careers. This is because the world has an insatiable appetite for tailored computer solutions. A software developer typically writes personalized codes for computers, mobile phones, laptops, tablets and other technological gadgets. One has to understand the needs of a client and develop software that meets those needs.
For example, a business owner may contract a professional in this field to develop software that tracks prospective customers. By crawling visited online platforms, one can offer to sell desirable products or services. Businesses can credit their survival to these professionals since they bring prospective clients to the business’ doorstep.
Web development is no longer a new phenomenon. The rise in Internet penetration among world populations has caused companies to improve their reach among target audiences. For this reason, web developers create and maintain websites and other online platforms for businesses.
These professionals are charged with the responsibility of attracting people through impressive outlook, design and user friendliness. They also conduct advanced research on the capacity of a website to convert passive Internet surfers into active visitors of the website whose owner has acquired their services.
To measure the effectiveness of their web development strategies, these professionals need to be knowledgeable in search engine phenomenon. Additionally, one needs to know the dos and don’ts of online marketing. Therefore, it is prudent to have a basic computer degree accentuated by short courses in Internet communication and technology.
The cloud computing phenomenon has spread across the world like bushfire. Its rise has brought about numerous jobs for cloud computing architects. These people transform a company’s backup solutions from the conventional hard-disk drives to the more convenient cloud.
One needs to be knowledgeable in the usability, efficiency and security of different cloud computing solutions. Therefore, professionals with vast experience usually find highly paying jobs. Instead of hunting jobs, a competent architect can start a company that provides these solutions to business owners and managers who need them.
Computer forensic expert
As the world transforms from analogue to digital, criminal investigations have changed as well. The developed world has already embraced technology in forensics. Typically, one has to work with crime detectives to solve mysteries of murders, burglary, sexual violence and crimes that require forensic examination.
The role of a professional under this category is to search for clues, identify data and process information that leads investigators to suspects of the aforementioned crimes. While a basic degree in IT is ideal, individuals with criminology knowledge are preferred.
There is more need for geographical information in the world today more than ever before. Technology firms rely on navigation solutions such as GPS technology to help people move and do business across the continents. The work of a geospatial computer professional is to develop systems that can locate certain physical or mobile phenomena.
Vehicle tracking devices and mapping technology depend on the services of these people. With the use of satellite imaging and mobile-based technology, they make movement of people and goods easier and more efficient. Evidently, information technology careers are diversified. As the world develops, the rise in this field may be faster than originally imagined.
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